One of the main ambitions of NordBio, a large bioeconomy programme launched under the Icelandic chairmanship of the Nordic Council of Ministers, is to promote innovative use of the region’s biological resources. Key focus areas are food product innovation, sustainability in the food industry and increased biomass production, with emphasis on creating value from underutilised resources and by-products.
Climate change is expected to cause considerable change for the Nordic primary industries in the coming decades. Global warming is already resulting in spatial shifts in ecosystems, as well as in the primary industries’ activities. Suitable agriculture areas shift northwards, a longer growing season makes way for new tree species in the Nordic forestry industry, and major fish stocks are migrating into Nordic waters. A new Nordic report looks into these changes and their consequences.
Should the developing bioeconomy be considered as part of the problem or part of the solution with regards to climate change? How does the one affect the other, and what can the Nordic region do to promote more sustainable production? We brought together two of the region’s leading experts on these matters, Professor Jørgen E. Olesen from Aarhus University and Matís Director Sveinn Margeirsson, to discuss the bioeconomy and climate change.