The world is becoming increasingly urbanised and the Nordic countries are no exception. About 85 per cent of the region’s population of 26 million live in cities and urban areas, with Oslo currently the fastest growing major city in Europe. According to the Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives 2016, the progressive climate plans and energy technology options available in Nordic cities could be important drivers for mitigating climate change and moving the world’s energy systems toward carbon-neutrality.
The transition toward a low-carbon energy system is often considered a daunting task, both technologically and economically. Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives 2016 (NETP 2016) has estimated the investments needed to attain carbon neutrality in the Nordic region by 2050. The conclusion is that, while achieving the carbon-neutral scenario outlined in the report will require significantly different investment patterns, decarbonising the region will not cost the world.
The Nordic Prime Ministers have decided to launch a new collaborative programme, Nordic Solutions to Global Challenges, as a direct response to many of the most pressing issues specified in the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The initiative will focus on innovative Nordic solutions for carbon-neutral development, sustainable cities, food and welfare, and gender equality. In addition, a new sustainable development programme is under way, aimed at implementing the 2030 Agenda through extensive stakeholder engagement.
The Nordic Green to Scale project has identified fifteen low-carbon solutions that have been successfully implemented in the Nordic region, and analysed their scalability and potential to reduce emissions if they were applied globally. The results will be released at the Nordic Pavilion at the COP 22 conference in Marrakech on 16 November.